18 Feb

“Comparing” vaccine COVID-19 AstraZeneca and Pfizer-BioNTech

AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine was recently included in the emergency use list by WHO with the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine approved since December. So what do these two vaccines stand out when compared?

Effective in preventing COVID-19

According to the latest research data, the AstraZeneca -Oxford vaccine is up to 76% effective in preventing COVID-19 within 22 to 90 days after a single dose is given. Before that, interim data showed that the effectiveness of this vaccine was 70.4%.

Compared to the 95% efficacy of a two-dose vaccine from Pfizer-BioNTech, the AstraZeneca vaccine is somewhat more modest.

South Africa announced a moratorium on the AstraZeneca vaccine in its vaccination program on July 7 after a study announced it did not provide a significant effect against the risk of mild or moderate COVID-19. caused by the South African variant, symbol 501Y.V2. However, global health officials have advocated for AstraZeneca’s vaccine, saying it is too soon to conclude anything and that the vaccine will contribute to averting the COVID-19 pandemic.

The AstraZeneca vaccine has been approved for emergency use in many countries, most recently, on February 15, WHO said it has included the AstraZeneca vaccine on the global emergency list, the second being approved after Pfizer-BioNTech. in December 2020.

Differences in technology, price and storage

AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine was developed based on a “virus vector” technology , in which a weakened chimpanzee common cold virus gives genetic instructions to cells. human cells, which help fight the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Meanwhile the vaccine Pfizer-BioNTech uses new technology mRNA to prevent viruses.

On the price front, AstraZeneca promises its vaccine will be sold non-profit for just a few dollars a dose, while the Pfizer vaccine costs between 18.40 and 19.50 dollars per dose.

Storage conditions are also one of the outstanding advantages of the AstraZeneca vaccine when it only needs to be stored in a conventional refrigerator, without the need for deep refrigeration at minus 70 degrees C like COVID-19 mRNA vaccine from Pfizer and BioNTech.

With the advantages of low cost, easy storage and transportation, AstraZeneca vaccine is better rated for its suitability in poor and underdeveloped countries. While storing and transporting vaccine Pfizer-BioNTech is a big challenge for many countries, including developed ones.

Which vaccine is ordered by more countries?

The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is one of the leading vaccines approved for emergency use and ordered by many countries. Countries that already pre-ordered this vaccine include: Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Dubai, Ecuador, EU, Germany, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Panama, Peru, Spain, Switzerland Si, British, American …

AstraZeneca-Oxford’s low-cost vaccine is equally as expensive with a series of countries signing a buying agreement: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, COVAX, Ecuador, EU, France, Germany, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malaysia , Morocco, Netherlands, Panama, Philippines, Korea, Spain, Switzerland, UK, USA, Vietnam …

Notably, AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine also accounts for a large proportion of doses in the global COVAX vaccine-sharing program, with more than 330 million doses to be deployed to poor countries from the end of February.

Immunization subjects

Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is for use in people aged 16 and over. While vaccine AstraZeneca can be used with subjects over 18 years old.

However, many countries such as Switzerland, Australia, South Korea … say they are cautious in recommending the use of AstraZeneca vaccine for people over 65 years old because of insufficient data on efficacy in the elderly. .

In this regard, WHO experts have recommended that the AstraZeneca-Oxford COVID-19 vaccine be used for people over 65 years of age, and also where SARS-CoV-2 variants are of concern. current.


18 Feb

Much optimism about the prevention of the global COVID-19 pandemic

The global number of new COVID-19 infections has decreased for several consecutive weeks since early January. Immunization has been implemented in at least 70 countries. The COVAX vaccine program is expected to deliver to more poorer countries the first doses of the vaccine in the coming weeks …

The number of new COVID-19 cases decreased for several consecutive weeks

The World Health Organization (WHO) said that the number of new COVID-19 cases worldwide fell 16% last week to 2.7 million cases. Accordingly, on February 16, information in the weekly epidemiological update, using data as of 14.2, WHO said that the number of new deaths also decreased by 10% compared to the previous week, to 81,000.

Five out of six WHO regions in the world have recorded a 2-digit increase in COVID-19 cases, only the Eastern Mediterranean region where the number of COVID-19 cases increased 7%. In particular, last week, the number of new cases decreased by 20% in Africa and the Western Pacific, 18% in Europe, 16% in the Americas and 13% in Southeast Asia.

Earlier this week, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the number of new COVID-19 cases fell for the fifth week in a row, down by nearly half, from more than 5 million cases in the week that started April 4.

“This shows that simple public health measures work, even when there are variations. What is important now is how we respond to this trend. The flame is not out yet, but we have reduced its size. If we stop fighting on any of the fronts, it will flare up again, “- he said.

The WHO epidemiological update also revealed that the SARS-CoV-2 variant detected for the first time in the UK was recorded in 94 countries, an increase of eight. Local transmission of variant, not variant infection, has been recorded in at least 47 countries.

Variants SARS-CoV-2 detected in South Africa was recorded in 46 countries, up 2 countries, with local transmission recorded in at least 12 countries.

Meanwhile, the Brazilian variant was detected in 21 countries, up 6 countries, with the local transmission noted in at least 2 countries.

The immunization program runs in at least 70 countries

On February 17, Japan started the COVID-19 vaccination program developed by American pharmaceutical company Pfizer and German pharmaceutical company BioNTech. The program kicked off with 40,000 health workers with the first doses of COVID-19 vaccines administered at a government-run hospital in Tokyo. Over the next week, the vaccination will roll out in about 100 medical facilities across Japan.

In the first group of health workers vaccinated, 20,000 people will participate in a study to track the potential side effects the vaccine can cause and how often they occur. Participants in the trial will be asked to retain data daily for 7 weeks from the first shot of the vaccine.

Following this group of health workers, more than 3.7 million Japanese frontline health workers will begin receiving vaccinations in March, followed by 36 million people aged 65 and over to begin vaccination. April. After that, people with underlying diseases such as diabetes or heart disease and those working in aged care facilities will be vaccinated, and finally the general population of Japan to be vaccinated. .

Medical facilities in Japan are fully equipped with ultra-cold freezers to store vaccines at a temperature of about -75 degrees Celsius. After taking out of the freezer, vaccines should be stored in the refrigerator and used. use within 5 days.

Meanwhile, the COVAX program, which attempts to buy and distribute COVID-19 worldwide vaccine to ensure poorer countries also have access to the vaccine, said the final list of vaccine batches for the first deliveries. to be announced next week, after WHO has licensed AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use.

On February 15, WHO approved emergency use of the AstraZeneca-Oxford vaccine produced at factories in India and South Korea. With this decision, the company’s vaccine could now be shipped via COVAX, giving many countries the first doses of the vaccine. “COVAX forecasts most of the first deliveries will take place in March, with some early shipments taking place by the end of February” – WHO, the organization co-leads the program, stated in the statement.

The Provisional Distribution List, published on February 3, has 337.2 million initial doses of the program’s vaccine, with 1.2 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, the rest being the AstraZeneca vaccine. Both of these vaccines have been approved by WHO for emergency use.

About 145 economies participating in the COVAX program will receive enough doses to vaccinate 3.3% of the population by mid-2021. “Deliveries for the first round of allocation will take place on a rotational and incremental basis. batch “- noted

15 Feb

5 Career Options for Fashion Design Degree Holders

Society and guardians when all is said in done will in general be vigilant towards urging individuals to work in Fashion in light of current circumstances. First and foremost, they are directly about the business’ profoundly particular work. They’re additionally correct when they say that Fashion is “not what it appears” despite the fact that they most likely have no clue about what they truly discussing. Be that as it may, before you choose to quit and take up bookkeeping courses, or search for an easy decision 9-5 work, here are a couple of style configuration professions to consider! 

The Popular Path 

A style architect’s work is by all accounts encompassed by the excitement and charm of having your works showing up on polished magazines and the season’s most sizzling big names. It’s an easy decision that individuals need to be style creators simply like how some want to be tycoons. To take this vocation way, you need a solid plan portfolio. Earlier work insight in style will be a favorable position. So this is the place where being an assistant during your days off result. 

There are two sorts of Fashion Designers: 

The In-house Designer: 

You will work with a style organization and configuration garments as per their rules. The organization will possess the rights to your plans while you draw a month to month pay from them. Contingent upon the size of the organization, you may work alone or with a group. Be an in-house fashioner on the off chance that you have plans to join the top dogs like Fendi, Gucci, Prada or Louis Vuitton. 

The Freelancer: 

Consultants work for themselves and offer their plans to design houses, straightforwardly to shops or to makers. In the wake of building a decent name, you’ll likely beginning getting individuals appointing you for configuration work. Independent Designers have the adaptability of work hours and will in general order higher wages, however remember that monetary dependability is at high danger. In case you’re simply beginning, it’s ideal to fill in as an in-house originator for some experience first prior to endeavoring an independent vocation. 

Other Possible Paths 

A great many people don’t examine style configuration explicitly to join these positions, yet on the off chance that you found that planning isn’t some tea some place through your course; these are occupations in the business that you can consider: 

Style Buyer: 

You will be answerable for going around and purchasing reasonable styles for shops or departmental stores. Your insight in Fashion Design will assist you with anticipating patterns or distinguish quality, giving you an edge for this work. 

Style Journalist: 

You will compose articles about style and hotspot for newsworthy stories in your field. With inside and out style ability and piece of clothing creation, you’ll make an ideal pundit and can dole out phenomenal design exhortation. 

Wedding photography: 

You will design areas and do photoshoots with recently marries or wedding studios. By knowing the intricate details of a style shoot, you can make a couple look marvelous in their marriage clothing.

15 Feb

Why Women and Fashion Design Go Together 

fashion is probably the greatest business on the planet today, not on the grounds that individuals should have the option to dress themselves in proper outfits yet additionally in light of the fact that it is viewed as one of the spines of our reality. Without design, we would have no source for our independence, no real way to communicate to the world what our identity is and what we are all around. 

While the two people advantage a ton from design, there is no rejecting that it is the female race that benefits more. In the event that you’ve at any point been to any Fashion Week or energetically follow all the Victoria’s Secret design shows, you’ll know why. Ladies simply have a characteristic tendency towards anything extravagant, frilly and pretty which is no big surprise they are the best motivation for style fashioners. 

But, in spite of the way that ladies wear style plans perfectly, their quality in the realm of style is still unmistakably missing, especially in the domain of style plan which up to the present is being overwhelmed generally by the guys. At the point when a lady says she is filling in as a style architect, individuals comment that it bodes well since she adores shoes yet when it’s a person who says he’s a design creator, they take a gander at him in wonderment and out of nowhere, design is not, at this point negligible and shallow yet fundamental and essential. Go figure. 

All things considered, really don’t. The truth of the matter is, when ladies work in an industry that is generally connected with them, individuals naturally accept that you’re there for the advantages and frivolities however you don’t have the stuff to comprehend what really matters to it with society, that ladies in addition to design some way or another generously decreases the synapses. Express gratitude toward God for influential ladies CEOs who have demonstrated that employing power while clad in the most recent and most stylish force suits doesn’t mean you don’t have minds. 

It is likewise maybe because of the way that men in design are an oddity. Sometime in the past men in style were considered to be gay or certain of themselves and their capacities to forego more huge open positions in the typical world. Yet, looking at the situation objectively, wasn’t it genuine that there was just one style fashioner who was remembered for Time 100: The Most Important People in the Century and that it was a female? So truly, truly female style fashioners are the oddity and not the men. 

To the extent glamorizing the universe of design goes, it was likewise a lady who began the idea of runway shows. Jeanne Paquin, thought about one of the world’s first female couturiers, would frequently sort out design marches and send equipped models to society occasions like dramas and races. She was likewise famous for her eighteenth-century roused pastel night dresses which was absolutely inconceivable around then since night outfits were consistently in dim tones to stress custom. 

While a male’s viewpoint is consistently welcome and invigorating in style, no one truly knows the human body, especially a lady’s body in a way that is better than a lady. They additionally understand what different ladies need and subsequently, would realize what might sell and what wouldn’t. Ultimately, who else purchases more garments at any rate?


15 Feb

Design – The Social Phenomena 

Designs are social marvels basic to numerous fields of human action and thinking. Style houses and their related design creators, just as high-status customers (counting big names), seem to have some job in deciding the rates and headings of style change. Style is in the sky, in the road; design has to do with thoughts, the way we live, what’s going on. Style is a field overwhelmed by ladies and essentially intended to serve ladies. 


Men’s designs to a great extent got from military models, and changes in an European male outline are stirred in venues of European war, where man of his word officials had freedoms to make notes of unfamiliar styles: a model is the “Steinkirk” cravat or tie. The speed of switch got during the 1780s with the expanded distribution of French etchings that demonstrated the most recent Paris styles; however there had been circulation of dressed dolls from France as examples since the sixteenth century, and Abraham Bosse had created inscriptions of design from the 1620s. 

In spite of the fact that tailors and dressmakers were no uncertainty answerable for some advancements previously, and the material business surely drove numerous patterns, the History of style configuration is ordinarily taken to date from 1858, when the English-conceived Charles Frederick Worth opened the main genuine high fashion house in Paris. From that point forward the expert creator has become a continuously more predominant player, in spite of the causes of numerous styles in road design. 

A beautician is either an individual who co-ordinates the garments, adornments, and embellishments utilized in style photos and catwalk shows or a sort of fashioner whose plans depend on existing things, patterns, and planners assortments. A purchaser is liable for requesting loads of garments for shops, especially the bigger corporate retailers. An artist draws and paints garments for business use. Capable artists – among them Paul Iribe, George Lepape and George Barbier- – drew flawless style plates for these distributions, which covered the latest improvements in design and magnificence. A model models garments at design shows or for photos. A picture taker photos the garments on style models for use in magazines, papers, or adverts.

10 Feb


As a competitor, getting wounds is an unavoidable piece of preparing and the genuine games. While you will feel disappointed about not going out for practices and missing the awesome sensation of drawing in your body, you will have a more critical misfortune to stress over. At the point when you are idle or not working out, your muscles start to die in an interaction alluded to as solid decay. The pace of combining proteins in your body decreases altogether, yet that of the breakdown of the proteins in your muscles goes up, which clarifies the deficiency of muscles. Fortunately, you can diminish the deficiency of the muscles you worked so difficult to work by receiving a few hints.

Here are a few hints to diminish muscle misfortune during wounds:

Take a Rest to Facilitate Muscle Repair

In spite of the fact that you are utilized to a functioning way of life, you don’t have a decision yet to take a legitimate rest in the event that you need to get back to your original capacity. Specialists suggest that after the medical aid and therapies. You should rest appropriately for somewhere in the range of three and seven days, giving the muscle time to fix itself. Nonetheless, the main muscle misfortune occurs during the principal seven day stretch of dormancy, so to back this off, move the muscles gradually inside your agony free cutoff.

Make Swimming Part of Your Recovery Routine

Having been on rest for around fourteen days to permit your body to mend from the minor wounds. You ought to be obvious to continue practice steadily. Swimming is among the best exercises to keep your body dynamic. It is an ideal method to include yourself in light opposition exercises as you uphold yourself to diminish the pressing factor.

Utilize the Best Supplements

You can shield your muscles from decay by burning-through Vitamin E supplements. As indicated by an investigation on the impact of Vitamin E supplements on warm blooded animals’ muscle decay. The subjects who were fixed for eight days and took no Vitamin E supplements endured 35% muscle misfortune. Alternately, the individuals who were on Vitamin E supplements experienced not exactly 50% of that misfortune. It would be best for improved Vitamin E ingestion on the off chance that you burn-through avocados, peanuts, sunflower seeds, and asparagus. You may likewise toss in the standard steroids from believed sellers like Steroidsfax in light of the fact that they help to accelerate recuperation and fabricate muscles just as ensure the additions. Different supplements you need to enhance are Vitamin A, copper, and Vitamin C.

Burn-through More Protein

While in lethargy, the body gets less receptive to the protein you eat. So it is more hard to keep up bulk. Too little protein utilization will regularly decelerate mending and make your recuperation stage longer. Ordinarily, the solid competitors’ dietary protein utilization is 1.3-2.0g per kg of their body weight, yet for competitors looking to forestall decay, they need 2.0-2.5g per kg of their weight. That protein weight territory is probably going to be ideal to diminish muscle misfortune during the recovery time frame.

Utilize a Sauna or Heat Treatment

Notwithstanding swimming, you can add sauna treatment to your recuperation routine since it has been seen to forestall muscle squandering. The treatment works by invigorating warmth stun proteins (HSPs). As per research on creatures, a 30-minute meeting. In the sauna diminishes decay by 20% while an hour long warmth treatment diminishes the pace of muscle misfortune by 32%. You can make it a propensity, subsequent to swimming, to go for a perspiration in the sauna with no muscle developments.

With the above tips, you should cut the muscle misfortune rate during recuperation. It is basic to go delayed in your recuperation travel and try not to surpass your cutoff points or those set by your primary care physician. Furthermore, soon you will be completely recuperated and continue preparing, albeit steadily.